「華人戴明學院」是戴明哲學的學習共同體 ,致力於淵博型智識系統的研究、推廣和運用。 The purpose of this blog is to advance the ideas and ideals of W. Edwards Deming.

2013年7月17日 星期三

George E. P. Box;吉伯特與蘇利文( GILBERT & SULLIVAN)


Improving almost anything: ideas and essays‎ - 第 558 頁

George E. P. Box 著 - 2006 - 598 頁
(To be sung to the music of Gilbert & Sullivan's "When the Foeman Bares his
Steel") 1t•s distribution free! Ta-ran-Ta-ra Ta-ran-Ta-ra Due to Mann and ...


Improving almost anything

作者:George E. P. Box
Masterworks in process improvement and quality technology-- by George Box and friends

George Box has a unique ability to explain complex ideas simply and eloquently. This revised edition of his masterworks since 1982 clearly demonstrates the range of his wit and intellect. These fascinating readings represent the cornerstones in the theory and application of process improvement, product design, and process control. Readers will gain valuable insights into the fundamentals and philosophy of scientific method using statistics and how it can drive creativity and discovery.

The book is divided into five key parts:
* Part A, Some Thoughts on Quality Improvement, concerns the democratization of the scientific method and, in such papers as "When Murphy Speaks--Listen," advises managers to view operation of their processes as ongoing opportunities for improvement.
* Part B, Design of Experiments for Process Improvement, illustrates the enormous advantages offered by experimental design in the pursuit of better products and processes.
* Part C, Sequential Investigation and Discovery, shows how sequential assembly of designs allows the experimenter to match the difficulty of the problem with the effort needed to solve it.
* Part D, Control, describes application of feedback control in the Statistical Process Control (SPC) environment. A simple graphical technique using Box-Jenkins charts is set forth to appropriately adjust processes to target.
* Part E, Variance Reduction and Robustness, demonstrates how the existence of more than one source of variation may be used to achieve products robust to the environment in which they must function and emphasizes the importance of error transmission and data transformation in producing robust assemblies.

A Foreword by Dr. J. Stuart Hunter allows readers to gain insight into the workings of a remarkable mind and explains how these ideas can greatly catalyze their efforts in process improvement.


Improving almost anything: ideas and essays
作者:George E. P. Box
著作人 George E. P. Box
Edition: 2, revised, illustrated
出版者 Wiley-Interscience, 2006
ISBN 0471727555, 9780471727552
598 頁

George E. P. Box
Born 18 October 1919
Gravesend, Kent, England
Residence United Kingdom, United States
Fields Statistician
Institutions ICI, Princeton University,
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Alma mater University College London
Doctoral advisor Egon Pearson, H. O. Hartley
Known for time series analysis, experimental design, Bayesian inference
Notable awards Shewhart Medal (1968),
Wilks Memorial Award (1972),
R. A. Fisher Lectureship (1974),
Guy Medal in Gold (1993)
George Edward Pelham Box (18 October 1919 – ) is one of the most influential statisticians of the 20th century and a pioneer in the areas of quality control, time series analysis, design of experiments and Bayesian inference.
He was born in Gravesend, Kent, England and originally trained as a chemist. During World War II, he worked on biochemical experiments on the effect of poison gases on small animals for the British Army. He needed statistical advice to analyze the results of his experiments but could not find a statistician who could give him guidance, so he taught himself statistics from available texts. After the war, he enrolled at University College London and obtained a bachelor's degree in mathematics and statistics. He received a Ph.D. from the University of London in 1953.
From 1948 to 1956, Box worked as a statistician for Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI). While at ICI, he took a leave of absence for a year and served as a visiting professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He later went to Princeton University where he served as Director of the Statistical Research Group.
In 1960, Box moved to the University of Wisconsin-Madison to create the Department of Statistics. He was appointed Vilas Research Professor of Statistics (the highest honor accorded to any faculty member at the University of Wisconsin-Madison) in 1980. George Box and Bill Hunter co-founded the Center for Quality and Productivity Improvement at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1984. Box officially retired in 1992, becoming an Emeritus Professor.
Throughout his career, George Box has written numerous research papers and published many books. His most important books include Statistics for Experimenters (1978), Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control (1979, with Gwilym Jenkins) and Bayesian Inference in Statistical Analysis. (1973, with George C. Tiao). Today, his name is associated with important results in statistics such as Box-Jenkins models, Box-Cox transformations, Box-Behnken designs and numerous others.
He served as President of the American Statistical Association in 1978 and of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics in 1979. He received the Shewhart Medal from the American Society for Quality Control in 1968, the Wilks Memorial Award from the American Statistical Association in 1972, the R. A. Fisher Lectureship in 1974, and the Guy Medal in Gold from the Royal Statistical Society in 1993. He was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1974 and a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1979.
The often quoted phrase, "Essentially, all models are wrong, but some are useful", is attributed to George Box.[1]
Box married Joan Fisher, second of Ronald Fisher's five daughters. In 1978, Joan Fisher Box published a very well-received biography of her father.[2] He supervized Lars Pallesen, who was appointed rector (president) of the Technical University of Denmark in 2007.[3]


  1. ^ Box, George E. P.; Norman R. Draper (1987). Empirical Model-Building and Response Surfaces, p. 424, Wiley. ISBN 0471810339. (more details at wikiquote)
  2. ^ Joan Fisher Box (1978) R. A. Fisher: The Life of a Scientist Preface
  3. ^ "Rektor fylder 60 år den 20. september" (in Danish). 2007. http://www.dgo.dk/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070920/NAVNE/709250017.

External links

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Technical reports

1. Studies in Quality Improvement: Dispersion Effects from Fractional Designs
by George Box and R. Daniel Meyer. (February 1986).
The expense of repeating measurements can sometimes be avoided by using unreplicated fractional factorials to identify factors that affect dispersion Publication(s): Technometrics, 1986, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 19-27
2. An Analysis for Unreplicated Fractional Factorials
by George Box and R. Daniel Meyer. (February 1986).
New procedures for analyzing unreplicated fractional factorial designs make them easier to use. Publication(s): Technometrics, 1986, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 11-18.
3. Analysis of Unreplicated Factorials Allowing for Possibly Faulty Observations
by George Box and R. Daniel Meyer. (February 1986).
Inaccurate data points are particularly troublesome in the analysis of unreplicated factorial experiments, but new techniques allow investigators to overcome this difficulty. Publication(s): Design, Data, and Analysis, Colin Mallows (ed.), Wiley, (1987), pp. 1-12.4.
4. Managing Our Way to Economic Success: Two Untapped Resources
by William G. Hunter. (February 1986).
American organizations could compete much better at home and abroad if they would learn to tap the potential information inherent in all processes and the creativity inherent in all employees.
5. My First Trip to Japan
by Peter R. Scholtes. (February 1986).
American visitors to Japan can learn much about what it takes to successfully implement quality improvement.
6. Total Quality Leadership vs. Management
by Control by Brian L. Joiner and Peter R. Scholtes. (February 1988).
To survive in increasingly tough markets, top management in American companies will have to forsake their desire to "control" their employees, and instead learn what it means to provide Total Quality Leadership.
7. Studies in Quality Improvement: Designing Environmental Regulations
by Soren Bisgaard and William G. Hunter. (February 1986).
There is a surprising similarity between what SPC provides for industries and the need for constructing sensitive, reliable standards for environmental regulations. Publication(s): US EPA-230-03-047 publication, Paul I. Feder (ed.), Washington, DC, (1987), pp. 41-53.
8. Studies in Quality Improvement: Minimizing Transmitted Variation
by Parameter Design by George Box and Conrad A. Fung. (February 1986).
By properly designing products and taking the inevitable variation in components into account, engineers can minimize the amount of variation that ultimately shows up in finished products.
9. A Useful Method for Model-Building II: Synthesizing Response Functions from Individual Components
by William G. Hunter and Andrzej P. Jaworski. (February 1986).
Analyzing which components of a response are due to each factor is an alternative way to find the best model for studying the properties of a product or process (and thus for improving both). Publication(s): Technometrics, 1986, Vol. 28, No. 4, November (1986), pp. 321-327.
10. The Next 25 Years in Statistics
by William J. Hill and William G. Hunter (With contributions by Joseph W. Duncan, A. Blanton Godfrey, Brian L. Joiner, Gary C. McDonald, Charles G. Pfeifer, Donald W. Marquardt, and Ronald D. Snee). (February 1986).
A transformation of the American style of management has already begun; in order for it to succeed, statisticians must assume a leadership role. Publication(s): Chance, 1990, No. 1, pp. 38-39.

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A. James 著的『吉伯特與蘇利文』(台北:智庫文化,1996,第 208頁)WHEN THE FOEMAN BEARS HIS STEEL LYRICS