「華人戴明學院」是戴明哲學的學習共同體 ,致力於淵博型智識系統的研究、推廣和運用。 The purpose of this blog is to advance the ideas and ideals of W. Edwards Deming.

2013年11月28日 星期四

品質眾生相( 173-176): Xbox One v PlayStation/ Escape recalled/ 通用電氣GEnx系列引擎/台灣8件嚴重違規米產品/

品質眾生相( 176):
索尼計算機娛樂公司11月15日開始在北美銷售的新款台式游戲機“PS4”贏得了開門紅,上市後24小時就創下了實售100萬台的記錄。這一銷量在迄今為止的PS系列中為“歷史最高水平”
  1. Some PlayStation 4 Owners Reporting Defective Consoles - Mashable

    mashable.com/2013/11/16/playstation-4-defective-consoles/

    Nov 16, 2013 - Some users have taken to Amazon and Sony's PlayStation forums to report defective PlayStation 4 consoles right out of the box.

  2. Sony Testing Defective PlayStation 4 Devices - Mashable

    mashable.com/2013/11/18/sony-playstation-4-defective/

    Nov 18, 2013 - In response to the reports of defective PlayStation 4 consoles, Sony is testing the impacted devices to determine the cause of the problem.

Xbox One Release Follows Familiar Pattern

Xbox One Release Follows Familiar Pattern

By NICK WINGFIELD
Microsoft said it sold more than one million Xbox One consoles during the product's first 24 hours on sale. And like its rival Sony, Microsoft also downplayed reports of defective consoles.

Similar to the PS4, some of the newly released Xbox One consoles were defective. People have reported problems with the disc drive. These customers are saying it will make loud noises when a disc is inserted. It was reported that some Xbox Ones would not read the disc at all.
Microsoft stated there were few who were affected by this problem. Over one million Xbox Ones have been sold within the first day of being released. This is the largest release ever for the Xbox system.
Microsoft stated that the customers who made reports about the defective systems will be receiving replacement consoles as soon as possible. Customers will be given free downloads of ‘one of the launch titles’. They stated the customers would have the option to receive a replacement right away instead of waiting for Microsoft to receive their damaged console. Compared to the PS4 issues where the customers have to wait months for a replacement, the Xbox One gamers will receive their replacement within days. The PS4 creators however are issuing a troubleshooting guide for the customers with a defective PS4.
Nearly 200 people or more have contacted a gaming site claiming their consoles were defective. Many people wrote angry reviews about their console on numerous websites. Others uploaded videos that demonstrated their console problems to the gaming forum NeoGAF.
Some customers stated the Xbox One would not work right out of the box while others claimed the problems began after playing one game. One customer wrote “I played some rounds of Killer Instinct then wanted to play Dead Rising 3. I was greeted with a grinding sound.” Another customer said that if it was just the sound then they may have lived with it but the disc was not recognized in the system.
It is understandable that the Xbox One would have problems considering this is Microsoft’s first new console in nearly eight years since the Xbox 360. Microsoft went through a similar situation when the Xbox 360 was released. Some gamers had reported problems with the hardware that led to three red lights flashing in front of the console. The console would then become defective and this problem was known as the ‘red ring of death’.
To minimize fault, Microsoft has put forth a lot of effort in to the design of the hardware and process of manufacturing. Due to the demand world-wide for systems, unfortunately the creators of the Playstation and Xbox will always have some hardware hiccups.
There are many people who were planning on purchasing an Xbox One before hearing about the defects. The customers who were going to purchase their consoles at a later date are now weighing their options. Some may not buy the system at all considering the malfunctions. Instead of purchasing their own systems, some customers will just rely on their friends for game play.
Though the defects were to be expected due to the Xbox One being a new system, there are many disappointed customers out there. As soon as it was reported that there was going to be an upcoming system, gamers began saving for the big day. The replacements will be supplied as soon as possible but the disappointment with their new console cannot be replaced.
By Anjulina MaComber

品質眾生相( 175)
特汽車公司(Ford Motor Co.)周二表示,將再次召回部分搭載1.6升發動機的2013款福特翼虎(Escape) SUV,修復可能導致火災的兩個問題。對福特翼虎來說這可謂重大負面消息。
福特表示計劃在全球範圍內召回161,000輛翼虎,以修復可能導致發動機起火的兩個問題。總的算來,這已經是福特第五次召回搭載1.6升渦輪增壓發動機的翼虎,以修復與起火相關的問題了。


品質眾生相( 174)

8件嚴重違規產品,其中包括金農米頂級金米純台稉9號米;金農米良質精米;關山芋香益全香米;台糖有機米台稉9號;台糖有機糙米;米道有機白米;鮮活有機糙米;山水鴨先知長糙米。

標榜純台稉9號 結果一粒也沒有

 其中金農米頂級金米的「純台稉9號米」,檢驗結果中竟然一粒台稉9號也沒有,情節最為誇張。而台糖的「有機米台稉9號」,檢驗結果顯示10粒米中僅一粒台稉9號,其餘都用台東30號、台稉16號混充。

 先前曾有不良紀錄的山水米,這回則有泉順公司的「山水鴨先知長糙米」再度上榜,其品質規格的碎粒分析值9%,遠大於包裝標示CNS一等的標準4%。

不再「限期改善」 直接裁罰每件4萬

 農糧署指出,8件違規情結重大者,不再提供廠商「限期改善」的時間,直接裁罰每件各4萬元罰鍰,此外對於抽檢不符規定的產品,將列為追蹤對象,如果追蹤後複檢仍然不見廠商改善,將加重處罰。

102年第3季市售食米抽檢違規產品裁處名冊:
編號 商品 名 稱 (條碼編號) 碾製日期 廠商名稱 廠商地址 違規情形
1 金農米頂級金の米-純台梗9號米 (4710297000701) 102.07.26 陸和碾米工廠 彰化縣埤頭鄉中和村溪林路406號 品種標示不實。(標示台稉9號,檢驗結果10粒米中含台稉8號1粒、台南11號9粒)。
2 金農米良質精米 (4710297000510) 102.06.15 陸和碾米工廠 彰化縣埤頭鄉中和村溪林路406號 品質規格之熱損害粒分析值0.9%,超過包袋口車縫標籤卡標示CNS 2等之標準(0.3%)。
3 關山芋香益全香米 (4719661000644) 102.03.28 關山鎮農會 臺東縣關山鎮德高里東庄路30-3號 品種標示不實(標示益全香米(臺農71號),檢驗結果10粒米中含台稉4號7粒,臺農71號2粒及台稉9號1粒)。
4 台糖有機米台稉9號 (4710311070628) 102.04.22 台灣糖業股份有限公司 臺南市東區東智里生產路68號 品種標示不實(標示台稉9號,檢驗結果10粒米中含台東30號7粒、台稉16號2粒、台稉9號1粒)
5 台糖有機糙米 (4710311070710 ) 102.07.22 台灣糖業股份有限公司 臺南市東區東智里生產路68號 品質規格之發芽粒分析值2.09%,超過包袋標示CNS2等之標準(0.8%)。
6 米道有機白米 (4713403006444) 102.06.23 花東製米股份有限公司 花蓮縣富里鄉富南村公埔路186號 品質規格之碎粒分析值16%,超過包袋標示CNS2等之標準(10%)。
7 鮮活有機糙米 (4713403006390) 102.07.24 花東製米股份有限公司 花蓮縣富里鄉富南村公埔路186號 品質規格之被害粒分析值6%,超過包袋標示CNS 2等之標準(3%)。
8 山水鴨先知長糙米 (4710871002565) 102.07.29 泉順食品企業股份有限公司 苗栗縣苑裡鎮玉田里7鄰玉田91之1號 品質規格之碎粒分析值9%,超過包袋標示CNS 1等之標準(4%)。
資料來源:農糧署糧食產業組糧食管理科

品質眾生相( 173)

音公司(Boeing Co.)敦促裝配通用電氣公司(General Electric Co.)引擎的787夢想飛機和最新747機型的運營商采取特別預防措施﹐以防范可能導致引擎故障的高海拔雷暴。

該安全建議影響到裝配通用電氣GEnx系列引擎的17家客運和貨運航空公司﹐進一步加大了該行業對防范引擎結冰風險的努力。引擎結冰可能導致飛機突然失去推力、內部損壞﹐甚至在極端情況下可能導致引擎在飛行中暫時關閉。

波音公司此舉使得日本航空(Japan Airlines Co.)替換東京往返於新德里和新加坡航線的787夢想飛機﹐并放棄在往返於東京和悉尼的航線中使用787夢想飛機的計劃。

2013年11月27日 星期三

品質眾生相( 171-172): 《商業周刊》報導「牛奶駭人」/"Made in Germany",

172
(中央社記者鄭景雯台北27日電)商業周刊今天晚間發表聲明,對「牛奶駭人」的報導引發社會紛擾「深感抱歉」。

商周「牛奶駭人」報導稱鮮乳殘留禁藥,引發爭議,本土酪農也揚言不排除提告。

食藥署今天指出,商業周刊下午4時22分補遞交乳品檢驗資料,近日召開專家會議,並邀請商業周刊及報導所引述的學者陳良宇參與。

商周晚間也發出聲明稿指出,「關於『牛奶駭人』報導,過去幾天,各界對於我們的批評;我們謙卑聆聽,感謝各界指教。今天,政府部門要求的資料,我們都已提供。追求事實,是媒體的使命。但我們報導的方式,可以再更全面。」

商周表示,對於造成社會的紛擾,並非他們的初衷,「對此,我們深感抱歉。我們會持續謙卑地聆聽各界指教,也會持續堅守媒體崗位,促進食品安全,讓我們的孩子,擁有一個更安心的未來。」1021127

牛乳風波的省思


作者:杜宇(陳李農改研究團隊執行長)

媒 體以封面報導市售鮮乳疑七成含藥物殘留且大廠亦列名其中的消息,再度讓消費者陷入食安的恐慌,現在連出門倒垃圾鄰居的寒暄語竟然也改為互吐苦水不知道甚麼 東西能吃。政府部門在鮮乳事發的第一時間竟然是去質疑該檢驗粗糙不夠嚴謹,而不是採取積極做法找出事實真相,相關部門的心態和作法確屬可議。固然民間機構 對於食品安全檢驗過程需相當嚴謹,對於結果公布也應該審慎以免造成過度恐慌,此次鮮乳事件媒體做法或許有值得檢討改進之處,但是近來國際間確實出現牛乳受 污染的案例值得我國政府重視,平日即應將其列為監控的重點項目並主動公布抽驗結果讓消費者安心。

面對食品安全重大議題,全球正積極推動 從農場到餐桌整個過程的安全把關,牛乳生產也列入重點項目。而台灣因夏季期間較長、乳牛以圈飼為主運動量不足,加上種種人為的飼養管理措施不正當使得乳牛 感染疾病的風險相對提高。國內酪農在蓄養過程為增加泌乳數量以及經濟效益考量,除了給予優質牧草飼料外,也會使用若干藥物並不違法,問題在於酪農必須使用 合法藥劑並嚴格遵守停藥規定(依不同藥物有不同的殘留時間),不能提前上市且因病治療期間所產的生乳皆應廢棄直至痊癒停藥,再經藥物殘留測驗合格後才可交 乳,然而過去研究曾發現所採樣乳汁含有藥物殘留,顯示相關規定並未被認真執行,確有檢討改進的必要。為了確保飲用安全,除了酪農應該建立良好的乳牛群健康 管理計劃,協會應訂定自律公約外,鑑於目前國內生乳除少部分酪農自產自銷外都交給乳品廠,廠商為了自家商譽理應嚴格把關,在收購前理應落實生乳檢測項目及 標準(如青黴素、氯黴素不得檢出,四環素類含量需0.1 ppm以下等)不能貪小便宜;政府部門則應全面輔導酪農取得優質國產鮮乳產銷履歷認證並配合加工廠驗證(如HACCP認證)落實品質衛生與安全的全面管 控,這些恐怕才是確保牛乳安全的重要關鍵。

此外,近日有來賓在上節目時屢屢指出國內農民種的菜自己不敢吃,自己生產的牛奶不敢喝,自己 養的魚不敢吃等等必須另外生產,似乎暗示農漁民用藥氾濫沒有良心。固然有部分農漁民只重視個人利益,不遵守用藥規定應受到譴責並嚴格禁止,但是大部分農漁 業者還是有良心,不應以偏概全。畢竟這樣的評論對台灣農漁民並不公平且有誤導消費者之嫌,傷害到台灣農漁業總體形象,讓在地農業更加難以推動。面對消費者 決定產品時代的來臨,農政主管機關不僅應該幫助澄清,更要拿出具體方案和執行績效,讓消費者安心,別一味否認反讓守法的業者跟著陪葬。

對於媒體關心消費者食用安全的用心仍應予肯定,政府部門別把這些日子所承受的壓力移轉至媒體身上,來閃避把關不利的責任。
點擊圖片可瀏覽相關圖片
銘傳大學教授陳良宇今(23)日與商周副總編輯劉劉佩修在民進黨立委趙天麟的陪同下,前往衛生福利部食藥署遞交檢驗資料。圖:翁嫆琄/攝。
新頭殼newtalk2013.11.23 翁嫆琄/台北報導

《商業周刊》的「牛奶駭人」報導引發爭議,負責此次乳品抽驗的銘傳大學教授陳良宇今(23)日與商周副總編輯劉佩修在民進黨立委趙天麟的陪同下,前往衛生福利部食藥署遞交檢驗資料。陳良宇表示,他看到什麼檢驗結果就說什麼,而且認為檢驗乳品中的代謝物,比起檢驗殘留物更好。

媒體指稱市售9款乳品皆驗出可疑代謝物,質疑是來自動物用禁藥。由於商周刊登時未公告檢驗方法、單位、結果判讀依據等資料,食藥署認為已違反食品衛生管理法第40條,要求商周在今天下午4點前繳交檢驗資料,否則將開罰。

商周今天與接受實驗委託的陳良宇一同出面遞交報告,陪同的趙天麟表示,自己僅是商周與官方的橋樑,唯一的立場就是找出真相。他也批評,政府在面對黑心大廠 的態度都未比這次對媒體來得有迫力,除了塑化劑,農委會及衛福部目前都還未檢驗到陳教授所驗出的物質,「怎麼會急著澄清牛奶沒問題。」

陳良宇在場則聲明三項立場,第一點,這份檢驗屬於學術報告,他是基於社會責任來執行;第二點,他只是看到什麼檢驗結果就說什麼;第三點,他認為檢驗代謝物 是檢驗殘留物的好方法。不過在媒體追問究竟這份報告是在哪間檢驗單位執行時,他則一概不回應。商周則表示,報告交給食藥署,由他們決定是否公開。

商周總編輯郭奕伶今天在官網中以「孩子,我願意為你出征!」撰文,指出「商周這次捅到數十年台灣農畜產的產官學鐵三角,踩進長期結構性『不能說的秘密』」。不過她也坦承,商周確實沒找到第2家公正機構複驗檢驗結果,便向大眾公告此份報告。

劉佩修則批評,商周是以80分的標準來檢驗乳品,政府僅以60分的標準抽驗,怎麼能批評80分的做的不對?至於被前衛生署長葉金川評為「黑心媒體」,她則不作回應。

在趙天麟的聯繫下,食藥署長葉明功也到場接下報告。他表示,會依法辦理,一周內邀請專家討論,也會請陳良宇一同到場,進行公開公正的談話。他強調,真相不是食藥署說了算,也不是教授說了就算,而是需要受到公評。

針對立委批評食藥署態度傲慢,葉明功回應,由於沒有看過報告內容,他也沒有質疑教授作法,只是周刊在第一時間內就應該依法公開檢驗資料,食藥署只是依程序處理。
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商周報導指稱市售乳品含有禁藥,周刊在衛福部食藥署的要求下,今(23)日由副總編輯劉佩修與負責檢驗的銘傳大學教授陳良宇一同前往食藥署遞交檢驗資料。 不過,經過審查,食藥署晚間表示,商周繳交的資料不齊,不但未提供檢驗方法依據、設備,也未提供實驗室名稱、結果判讀之質譜圖等內容。
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消基會食品委員召集人、台大動物科技系教授陳明汝表示,此次《商周》公布的殘留多是代謝物,但她上網查遍歐盟、美日等國,根本沒有人在驗代謝物殘留。她認為,陳良宇的研究過程太粗糙,僅用代謝物很難回推源頭,而且也不是在國家合格實驗室檢測,可信度實在不高。
陳明汝指出,一般檢驗的正常程序,第一步必須找符合國家認證的合格實驗室,檢驗方法也必須是國家或國際上公認可行的。其次就是要有標準品比對,「定性是第一步,接著一定要做定量」。若有疑慮,必須2次確認。
她 指出,通常國家級實驗室使用的檢測儀器是質譜儀。雖然銘傳使用的檢驗儀器也是質譜儀,不過並沒有做二次質譜,且銘傳採用的是氣相層析法,並非國家實驗室常 用的液相層析法。使用氣相層析法,物質必須汽化,乳品的前置處理作業非常麻煩,過程可能會有別的東西摻入,所以乳品檢測並不適合使用。
陳明汝說,代謝物不代表就是有害的。陳良宇專長在國內運動員禁藥篩檢,運動員因為代謝快,僅能以體內代謝物去懷疑有無用藥,無須跟藥物標準品比對。但此實驗方法不能同時適用在檢測食品安全上,實驗方法不正確,檢測結果的確會有瑕疵。
台大毒理學研究所教授康照洲說,歐美、台灣均監測乳品動物用藥殘留物,但檢出代謝物,可能是動物曾用過相關藥物或環境汙染導致,儀器和檢驗方法一定要確認,但仍應趕緊清查源頭。
美和科技大學副校長陳景川表示,此次《商周》的乳品檢驗樣品不夠多,加上沒有標準品,檢驗不夠嚴謹。這樣的報告可刊登在學術期刊上進行討論,進一步抽驗國內外奶粉,釐清是否為背景值或真使用禁藥,但不該刊登在雜誌上造成民眾恐慌。
171


“德国制造”必须在德国制造


作为高质量的象征,带有“德国制造”标签的产品深受世界消费者的喜爱。不过这些产品并不一定是完全在德国制造的,为了节约成本,很多部件都是在国外生产。而欧盟正在酝酿的新方案中规定,只有全部生产在德国完成的商品,才允许贴上“德国制造”的标签,而这对德国企业将会造成较大冲击。

品質眾生相( 177--178)拉脫維亞超市坍塌事件/巴西體育場施工事故引發明年世界盃擔憂


 品質眾生相( 178)


巴西體育場施工事故引發明年世界盃擔憂

周三,聖保羅科林蒂安體育場的建築工地發生吊車垮塌事故。2014年世界盃的揭幕戰計劃在這裡舉行。
Nacho Doce/Reuters
周三,聖保羅科林蒂安體育場的建築工地發生吊車垮塌事故。2014年世界盃的揭幕戰計劃在這裡舉行。

里約熱內盧——周三,至少兩名工人死於一座聖保羅體育場的建築吊車垮塌事故。巴西計劃在這座體育場舉行明年世界盃足球賽(World Cup)的揭幕戰。這起事故卻引發外界擔心,巴西能否完成一系列受到工期延誤和超支問題困擾的奢華場館。
吊車砸進了場內,在建築的一端撕開了深深的口子。

事故發生在科林蒂安體育場(Arena Corinthians),按照計劃,完工後這裡將能容納7萬人。事故突顯出,隨着2014年6月世界盃舉辦日期的臨近,巴西國內的緊張氣氛愈演愈烈。
當巴西當選這屆世界盃和2016年奧運會舉辦國的時候,這被視為對該國的發展中大國地位的一種肯定。可是,在體育場館上的花銷引發了街頭抗議者與檢察部門的怒火,他們質疑,應如何區分主次,畢竟在巴西這個國家,公立學校與醫院仍狀況堪憂。
世界盃組織者計劃在巴西的12座城市舉辦賽事,預計支出在110億美元(約合670億元人民幣)以上。組織方急迫地想讓場館按時完工,如今又要努力應付工人安全的問題。
除了聖保羅的事故,在首都巴西利亞和亞馬孫城市馬瑙斯的體育場也分別發生過事故,共導致兩名工人喪命。
一個建築工人工會的領導人安東尼奧·貝克爾吉安(Antonio Bekeredjian)說,「這些死傷事故令人無法接受。」
他表示,自己領導的工會已向勞工部提出申請,要求調查聖保羅體育場的工作環境及事故的原因。他還說,如果勞工部接受了調查申請,體育場的部分工程將暫停30天左右。
目擊者稱,要不是吊車倒塌的時候正值許多工人的午飯時間,死傷人數或許會高得多。應急官員封鎖了大概三分之一的建築工地。
建造該體育場的巴西奧德布雷赫特集團(Odebrecht)暫停了施工,不過宣布預計將於下周一重新開工。
「當時所有事情都是按照章程來的,」施工經理弗雷德里科·巴爾博薩(Frederico Barbosa)告訴美聯社(The Associated Press)。「我們將不得不等待調查來找出吊車坍塌的原因。」
這座聖保羅體育場的項目從巴西國家開發銀行獲得了超過1.75億美元的資金。除了承辦六場世界盃比賽,它還計劃成為科林蒂安隊的主場。這支球隊是巴西最強大的足球俱樂部之一。
至於事故是否會延誤體育場的完工,這一點到周三的時候還不清楚。雖說如此,比起世界盃的其他一些在建場館,這裡的進度已經處於更快的階段了。
聖保羅市長費爾南多·哈達德(Fernando Haddad)在當地電台節目中發表評論稱,「這個項目之前的進展挺順利的。」
「我們為這起致人罹難的事件感到悲傷,」他還說。「我們將等待建築公司的調查結果。」


 *****品質眾生相( 177)

拉脫維亞總理因超市坍塌事件宣布辭職 北京新浪網 (2013-11-28 01:08) 分享| 分享至新浪微博 分享至facebook 分享至PLURK 分享至twitter  友善列印
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  中新社北京1128電里加消息:當地時間27日,拉脫維亞總理東布羅夫斯基斯宣布辭職,國家內閣也將隨之解散。

  英國廣播公司27日引用波羅的海通迅社消息稱,東布羅夫斯基斯與總統安德里斯·貝爾津什會面后,在記者會上宣布辭職決定。消息說,東布羅夫斯基斯與總統間會面達90分鐘,在此期間,貝爾津什或曾要求他對此前的超市樓頂坍塌事故負責。

  當地時間本月21日,該國首都里加一超市樓頂坍塌,目前已經造成包括3名消防員在內的54人死亡。有消息稱此次事故是該國1991年從蘇聯獨立后最嚴重的一起人員傷亡事故,拉脫維亞總統將之稱作「對毫無防備的平民的大規模謀殺」,並要求進行迅速和徹底的調查。警方有消息稱,建築本身設計缺陷是導致事故的可能原因,且超市屋頂在興建花園,有可能因施工不慎造成坍塌。

  拉脫維亞總理髮言人27日接受法新社採訪時說,拉脫維亞政府「對這起悲劇承擔政治責任」。東布羅夫斯基斯則對媒體表態稱,「這個國家需要一個能解決當前問題的政府」。

  東布羅夫斯基斯於2009年就任拉脫維亞總理,因通過強有力措施使國家免於破產而廣受讚譽。總統貝爾津什將決定是否接受東布羅夫斯基斯的辭職請求。如果接受,總統將提名一位代總理組建新內閣。()


  (原標題:拉脫維亞總理因超市坍塌事件宣布辭職)

2013年11月19日 星期二

品質眾生相( 167-170):Boeing’s Huge Cargo Plane.../麥芽糊精/ Google, HPt Chromebook 11 /台灣鮮奶中都殘留抗生素等來自乳牛的治療用藥

 170


Uh-Oh: Boeing’s Huge Cargo Plane Lands at Tiny Airport by Mistake
By Justin Bachman November 21, 2013
At least they found Kansas. A heavily modified 747 used by Boeing (BA) to transport parts of its 787 Dreamliner landed at the wrong airport in Wichita, an embarrassing mistake that led to a flurry of technical calculations to determine whether the gigantic cargo plane could depart.

The 747 Dreamlifter, operated by Atlas Air (AAWW), was on a regular shuttle flight yesterday from Grottaglie, Italy, where a Boeing partner makes 787 fuselage sections. The cargo plane had stopped in New York for three hours before continuing to Wichita and landing on Wednesday night. Unfortunately, the flight crew chose Colonel James Jabara Airport, a small airport with a 6,100-foot runway that’s not designed for large aircraft. There are three airports on the east side of Wichita, including the plane’s intended destination, McConnell Air Force Base.

Boeing assembles the front sections of the 787 in Wichita and has a fleet of four Dreamlifters to ferry sections of the new plane. Atlas Air has filed a flight plan for an eight-minute flight across Wichita on Thursday afternoon, according to FlightAware, which tracks air traffic.

169

姜郁美指出,從一百年一月一日至今年十一月十九日止,該公司總共從中國進口九千零九十五公噸,從泰國進口十八.七五公噸。加工食品業者透露,中國生產的麥芽糊精與台灣製造的價差,每公斤約五元。
姜郁美表示,環泰公司的包裝若未標示產地,地方衛生局可以處罰三萬到三百萬元,一件一罰。如果只是標示不實,未涉品質問題 (食品級否.......),改標後就可以上架,與下游廠商無關。



168


今天出刊最新一期的商業周刊報導指稱,委託檢測專家銘傳大學生物科技學系副教授陳良宇,在11月12日對市售乳品的脂溶性物質分析,國內前三大品牌,市占率合計超過 6成的味全、統一、光泉無一倖免,鮮奶中都殘留抗生素等來自乳牛的治療用藥。
這些殘留禁藥,包括抗憂鬱劑、避孕藥、塑化劑、甚至有雌激素等,發現從生產流程、政府把關以及檢驗單位都有一連串的漏洞。食安問題再度引發民眾恐慌。
針對商業周刊報導,統一企業回應表示,統一於生乳進廠生產前,每批次均依國家法規經過抗生物質、磺胺劑、抗生素(青黴素、四環黴素、氯黴素)等項目檢測, 確認合格後,才會投入生產製造,製成成品也定期送檢,檢測項目包含9種塑化劑、多項動物用藥殘留等,檢驗結果都符合政府規範。
針對商業周刊報導提及之抗生素pyrimido、止痛劑「維可汀」6,7-dehydroxyl-vincadine、避孕藥Tetrachloro- o-benzoquinone部分,經查證均非國內法定動物用藥,政府目前無公告標準檢驗方法,因此依法並未就此等項目進行檢測。
統一表示,此份聲明將同步送交農委會、衛福部、台南市衛生局及桃園縣衛生局。



Thomas Claburn

Google, HP Halt Chromebook 11 Sales 

Eight complaints about charger failures lead to suspension of sales.



Google's Chromebook business suffered a setback on Wednesday when Google and HP suspended sales of HP's Chromebook 11.
The companies took action "after receiving a small number of user reports that some chargers included with the device have been damaged due to overheating during use," said Caesar Sengupta, VP of product management, in a blog post.
Google declined to provide the number of HP Chromebooks that have been shipped to date. The company has not released any official sales figures for Chromebooks since the devices were introduced in 2011, despite reports from its growing stable of hardware partners that Chromebooks are selling well.
A source familiar with the investigation said eight separate reports of charger damage have been received, none of which have resulted in injury or the damage of other property. The chargers were made by a third-party supplier.
[ The iPhone's fingerprint reader is easy to scam. What's the lesson? Read Apple Fingerprint Hack: A Great Reminder. ]
According to Sengupta, Google and HP are working with the Consumer Product Safety Commision on an appropriate response, and the companies plan to provide more details when they can. Presumably, the companies will bring the Chromebook 11 back as soon as possible, so as not to miss out on the US holiday buying season.
Until then, Sengupta advises current HP Chromebook 11 owners not to use the charger that came with the laptop. He suggests using any Underwriters Laboratories-listed micro-USB charger with the notebook as an alternative.
Certain micro-USB chargers, however, put out too little power, which can result in an error message. One user in a Google Groups post notes that trying other micro-USB chargers led to this popup message: "Low power charger connected. Your Chromebook may not charge while it is on. Consider using the official charger."
This error message itself may be the result of inaccurate charger identification, as observed in a recent post to Chromium's issues forum. A response by Puneet Kumar, an engineer and co-founder at Google-owned chip maker Agnilux, suggests Chromebooks occasionally have trouble identifying the connected power supply. "The chip used to detect the power supply has known failure modes which make the whole detection logic about 90% accurate at best," Kumar wrote in his reply.
Google introduced the HP Chromebook 11 in early October, at a price of $279.
The sub-$300 laptop market has been a bright spot in an otherwise dreary PC market. Over the summer, Stephen Baker, an analyst with NPD Group, said that the market for laptops priced below $300 is expected to grow 10 percent in 2013. Baker said that Chromebooks represent between 20 percent and 25 percent of the under-$300 notebook market, a segment that accounts for about 15 percent to 20 percent of the overall US notebook market.
Google appears to be eager to take advantage of demand for affordably priced laptops. Over the summer, it tripled the number of retail partners offering Chromebooks, now over 6,600, by adding Wal-Mart and Staples to the mix.

2013年11月17日 星期日

Statistics2013: Statisticians Party Like It's 2.013 x 10 Cubed

Statistics2013 Google 一下

The International Year of Statistics (Statistics2013)

www.statistics2013.org/
The International Year of Statistics (“Statistics2013″) is a worldwide celebration and recognition of the contributions of statistical science. Through the combined ...

Statistics2013 Activities

Statistics2013 Activities Calendar. Current Activities; Past ...

Statistics2013 Posters

You can help spread the word about the International Year of ...

What is Statistics?

When many people hear the word “statistics,” they think of ...

New Participating ...

New Participating Organization Sign-up. If your group is likely to ...

About Us

2013 is the International Year of Statistics, a worldwide event ...

Teacher Resources

Demand for statisticians and data analysts is expected to increase ...
 
 
 

Odds Lot: Statisticians Party Like It's 2.013 x 10 Cubed

About 88% Through Celebratory Year, 100% in Field Find It 'Sexy'


Nov. 15, 2013 10:32 p.m. ET
LOUVAIN-LA-NEUVE, Belgium—When Ingrid van Keilegom tells people she is a statistician, they usually reply fearfully, " 'Oh, no,' " she says. "To them, it sounds like math."
Prof. van Keilegom and her colleagues at the Catholic University here, about 19 miles from Brussels, are out to change that impression. To demonstrate how useful—and ubiquitous—their field is, they recently held an all-day conference, "Statistics, your friend in daily life, whether you like it or not."
Swiss mathematician Jacob Bernoulli Corbis
Their event was part of the International Year of Statistics, a global campaign to increase the odds that nonmathematicians will think positively about number crunching.
Roughly 88% complete, the year gets a grade of 90% so far from Ron Wasserstein, head of the American Statistical Association and a lead coordinator of Statistics2013, as the 365-day function is known. He tallies up more than 2,250 participating organizations from almost 66% of the world's countries.
Activities have included "Music and Probabilities," a concert in Mexico City of compositions based on advanced mathematical principles called stochastic processes. The Fields Institute, a math brain trust in Toronto, held a competition for the best tweet about what the world would be like if the "normal distribution" bell curve had never been discovered. A photo contest was held with an $800 prize. It invited kids to show how statistics "advances the well-being of people."

Quiz: Go Figure

Statistics befuddle many people, but they're all around us. Test your skill with a handful of questions prepared by the Britain's Royal Statistical Society Centre for Statistical Education at Plymouth University.

Related Videos

Stats can be cool you see
My statistician friend
A day without statistics
Why statistics matters?

Lies and damn lies are still uncool. "Statistics is cool," says Mr. Wasserstein.
Some data points he and other organizers cite: Movie star Brad Pitt portraying statistics-obsessed baseball manager Billy Beane in the movie "Moneyball," statistician Nate Silver's rise to celebrity for accurately predicting elections and the popularity of statistically oriented books including "The Black Swan," about improbable events. "Big data" is in vogue and "quants," or quantitative analysts, are hot properties on Wall Street.
Google Inc. Chief Economist Hal Varian raised eyebrows in 2009 with a comment, since frequently repeated, that statisticians would have "the sexy job in the next 10 years." The International Year of Statistics is flaunting the allure.

"I have to pinch myself to make sure this surge in recognition is not a dream," Mr. Wasserstein wrote in a scholarly publication earlier this year. "If it is, don't wake me!"
Statistics2013 began as a move to celebrate the 300th anniversary of Swiss mathematician Jacob Bernoulli's "Ars Conjectandi." His treatise on gambling, which was written in Latin, is considered the first scientific analysis of probability. Statistics evolved from probability and expanded to the study of genetics, epidemiology, business management and other fields.

Today, statistics are everywhere, as entries to the Statistics2013 video contest enumerated. One winner, "A Day Without Statistics," starts by explaining the data analysis in quality control of toothbrushes and toothpaste. It continues until sunset with Internet search engines and credit-card security measures. Another video, "Why Statistics Matters?" offers a litany of answers, concluding: "To make life better."
Musical entries titled "My Statistician Friend" and "Stats Can Be Cool, You See" earned honorable mentions. Go figure.

Statistician Rob Mastrodomenico says many of his fellows do vital work in public policy, pharmaceuticals and academia. "Then you've got me, doing sports statistics, which many people may find less worthwhile," says the 32-year-old founder of Global Sports Statistics, near London. "But I enjoy it."

Global Sports uses historical data on teams' results to try predicting the outcome of matches. The science is similar to forecasting weather based on reams of meteorological readings or stock-market performance based on years of price swings.
Mr. Wasserstein says it used to drive him crazy that sports is the only way many people encounter statistics. But he says he has "been able to embrace that more lately," as sports have upped their statistics game. He notes approvingly that all the World Series contenders this year used data-heavy "Moneyball" strategies, most notably the champion Boston Red Sox.

Statisticians acknowledge that their craft can be misused to distort or misinterpret data. "As with a knife in a surgeon's hands, it can save a life, but it could also kill someone, in the hands of a crook," says Sastry Pantula, dean of the College of Science at Oregon State University. He says one goal of Statistics2013, which he helped organize, is to encourage more informed use of statistics.

Prof. Pantula knows that some people react badly to the subject. Years ago, a dentist asked him his profession. When Mr. Pantula replied, the dentist started railing about a stats class that almost ended his dental education. Prof. Pantula says that made him uneasy. "He was drilling my tooth!"

Statistics2013 aims to get kids started in the subject earlier so they'll feel more comfortable swimming in numbers. Branko Rumenović, a high-school -economics teacher in Ogulin, Croatia, says the first mention of statistics "provokes wonder and fear" among his students. But the 17- and 18-year-olds come around after projects like a study of the national census they conducted this year.

Mr. Wasserstein says the improving image and awareness of statistics is "the most wonderful change" since he attended graduate school in 1978. He recalls telling people back then about his studies and getting puzzled responses like, "Are there really enough numbers to memorize to get a Ph.D. in statistics?" Another common reaction was that "it had to be the most boring thing in the world."

Geert Molenberghs, a biostatistics professor at Belgium's Hasselt University who helped organize the recent Belgian conference, says telling people at a cocktail party that he is a medical statistician sparks more interest than it would if he dropped the medical part. But he remains modest because his wife is an astrophysicist, and astrophysics is really sexy. "I go off and get a drink," he says.

And while the year of statistics and media attention given to elections, climate change and financial scandals may have boosted public interest, he remains circumspect in a statistical sort of way. "The baseline from which we are starting is very low," he says.
"People talking about statistics in the streets," Prof. Molenberghs figures, "that's still a dream."
 

2013年11月13日 星期三

品質眾生相 (163-166)不可靠:: 上海大眾汽車召回/資訊產品或社交軟體/日本不痛針/台灣廠商所有品質認證 ISO/GMP/HACCP......破產



品質眾生相 (166)
中国质检总局:大众将召回逾20万辆多用途乘用车



上海

据法新社援引中国质检总局周三(11月13日)称,大众汽车公司将召回超过207000辆多用途乘用车。此次召回的范围包括:大众汽车(中国)销售有限公司进口的途威多用途乘用车18008辆;上海大众汽车有限公司生产的途观多用途乘用车189770辆。中国质检总局指出,因这些车车外照明灯的保险丝可能因过热而失效,导致部分车外照明灯无法正常工作,存在安全隐患。大众尚未就此置评。今年3月,大众宣布将召回384181辆配有DSG变速箱的车型,这也是中国境内最大的一次召回行动。

品質眾生相 (165)
1022經過數年來的事件  我們可以說:

台灣廠商所有品質認證 ISO/GMP/HACCP......都已破產

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hazard_analysis_and_critical_control_points
A year earlier, the American Society for Quality offered their first certifications for HACCP Auditors. (First known as Certified Quality Auditor-HACCP, they were ...

消基會:GMP未與國際接軌 【2013/11/4 19:15】

〔中央社〕GMP標章生產線大廠捲入油安事件,廢止聲起。消基會名譽董事長謝天仁認為,問題是認證機制未與國際接軌,也無消費者代表。

捲入油安事件的頂新集團4兄弟之1的味全董事長魏應充,身兼台灣食品GMP發展協會理事長;朝野立委紛紛要求經濟部撤換理事長,並有人質疑運作未迴避利益,主張廢掉GMP。

經濟部次長梁國新答覆時,並未就換人做出正面答覆,但他一再重申,已由工業局成立專案小組,局長擔任召集人,將邀請食品業者、專家及民代對未來走向研議革新方案;1個半月內會就GMP改革提出方案。

消費者文教基金會名譽董事長謝天仁表示,不是廢掉的問題,問題是台灣學國外的認證「只學皮毛、有沒骨,沒有合理、平衡機制在裡面」。

他提問,若消費者比業者重視GMP的話,怎麼會是廠商在控制、運作?又政府思考過,廠商是否重視認證標章的公信力?還是比較在意利益?國外的認證機構都有消費者代表擔任成員,GMP卻沒有,「怎平衡?」

謝天仁指出,為何農委會的財團法人CAS優良農產品發展協會、經濟部的GMP屢屢出問題,主管機關絕對責無旁貸。

他說,「這些標章的驗證機關組成,有幾席業者?幾席公權力機關代表?幾席消費代表?幾席專家?」若偏重學者跟業者,也難怪會是「同一圈圈」。

謝天仁強調,台灣有財團法人全國認證基金會(TAF),內部組成就有消費者代表,並與國際認證組織互相承認,是真正的與國際接軌,可認證驗證機構是否可執行各種驗證工作的機構。

他並說,GMP、CAS屢屢出事,「凸顯政府藏了很多私房的權力,不給TAF」,讓GMP、CAS等認證標章既沒有與國際接軌、未被國際承認,主管機關與業者易也有機會勾搭在一起的空間產生。

與上者矛盾的是,他說,另一方面,政府又讓認證的公權力被稀釋掉,例如連車商都可以自己推認證。

謝天仁重申,台灣的整個驗證機制未與國際接軌,不夠宏觀,問題急需導正。


品質眾生相 (164)
我的同學洪信佳牙醫師留日. 他採用的針都是日本的"小針" 比較不會疼痛.....

日研發不痛針 採血就像蚊子叮

(取自網路)
〔編譯林翠儀/綜合報導〕日本兵庫縣1家醫療器材製造商,以10年的時間研發出全球首創的樹脂針頭,減輕糖尿病等患者在自行扎針採血時的疼痛,標榜「就像被蚊子叮到一樣」,絲毫沒有痛楚的感覺。
這款名為「PINNIX LIGHT」的採血用針具,是由兵庫縣西宮市的Lightnix研發,日本國內已在去年上市,今年進一步取得美國食品藥品管理局(FDA)許可,本月將在美國推出,台灣及新加坡也準備申請上市。
Lightnix社長福田光男表示,研發這種「不痛針」的原動力,來自他從小就害怕打針;糖尿病等文明病的患者年齡有下降趨勢,尤其兒童對扎針痛感的恐懼,遠遠超過疾病本身。
「PINNIX LIGHT」採血用針具長0.9公釐、寬0.4公釐,針頭以醫療用樹脂製成,就像蚊子的口針一樣表面帶有波浪狀,可減少與皮膚的摩擦,減輕疼痛感。由於其構想正是來自蚊子叮咬,因此是名副其實的「蚊子針」。
此外,由於針頭是以醫療用樹脂製成,可直接掩埋分解,不像金屬針具無法燃燒處理,也較為環保。美中不足的是,據稱其售價要比一般針具貴3倍以上。






品質眾生相 (163):
美國小學開始依賴平版電腦教學.可是萬一系統有問題呢?




10月21四晚FACEBOOK 當機: TIMELINE問題 無法傳送出去

今晚的FB是怎樣??我嚇出一身冷汗還以為被盜了,PO完國慶煙火照希望也可以慶祝我的FB復活!阿門XD

據說臉書更新中所以怪怪的 阿那乾脆來企Zzzz好了 大家都被臉書制約了啊哈哈 晚安囉^^



〔記者陳炳宏、編譯詹立群/綜合報導〕全球用戶超過十一億的臉書(Facebook)網站,最近常 發生網頁錯誤,而昨晚更是大規模當機,包括台灣、香港、全球各地,許多網友發現電腦無法按讚或留言,甚至不能傳訊息、照片,即使是Facebook英文社 群論壇,也是一片哀嚎。臉書在官網表示,在例行維修過程中出現問題,歷經二個多小時已修復完成,該公司對使用者造成不便致上歉意。
在昨晚的當機期間,網友按讚僅會看到「發生錯誤,請稍後再試試」。更新狀態時則出現「在更新你的近況時發生問題,請在幾分鐘後再試一次」的訊息。
法新社等外電也紛紛報導,臉書上暫時不能更新個人動態。雖然部分iPhone手機版用戶反映未受到影響,甚至有網友表示,使用Firefox是正常的,但Facebook昨晚確實有一段時間無法解決問題,直到晚間十點半左右,情形才逐漸改善。

Facebook down: Users unable to post on social network




While site is still available for browsing, users are not able to like, comment or share.


UPDATE: Facebook is 'back'.
Facebook is broken.

Although it may appear that the world is still turning,  online a collective wail went out from procrastinating workers, distressed students and panicking social media editors, after it appeared no one was able to post anything to the social networking site.

Facebook was not ‘down’ as such: users were still able to browse posts and click through their newsfeed, but likes, comments, posts and shares were not available.

Personal accounts and pages were met with the error notice “There was a problem updating your status. Please try again in a few minutes.”

Yet the agony of Facebook fans was prolonged longer than expected, with the error continuing for over an hour.

Iain Mackenzie, European communications director for Facebook took to Twitter to confirm the issue, tweeting: : “We are aware that some people are having problems posting to Facebook and we're looking into it.”

Michael Allen, Director of APM, Compuware, said the outage would potentially affect "billions of people."

He added: "If you look at the Outage Analyzer service, at least 3,587 other domains were impacted; although the actual number is likely to be far greater. This is because many other businesses and websites are connected to Facebook. For example, Facebook is used to enable people to login to many other sites and applications. Any organisation that is seeing errors or slowdowns with their own site or application this afternoon, should check to see if they are relying on Facebook services before they start fire fighting as this might be the cause."

We will update you when the site is back up, should we survive this mini-outage. DO NOT TRY AND SHARE THIS ON FACEBOOK
 好消息: 手機病毒侵入少點......

Given all the talk about mobile malware, users might be forgiven for thinking cybercrooks are cleaning up at their expense. Truth is, surprisingly few bits of malware have found their way into mobile phones. More by accident than design, smartphones have turned out to be much tougher to infect than laptops and desktop PCs. At least, that is the case at present
http://econ.st/16mxgYE

2013年11月7日 星期四

教育人行道: 天主教 輔仁中學/北平時期的輔仁大學校園




讓我們來看一下北平時期的輔仁大學校園吧! 圖片引自:輔仁大學與聖神傳教會(羅麥瑞與聖神傳教會共著,2006) 一書


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我看到Peter在線上 就將此信 傳給大家
或許該寫一本教育人行道

天主教 輔仁中學 的 張日亮神父給我一封回信 並附它該校(國中和高中)的10年來各年度師生職員人員統計表
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鍾教授:平安!
很高興能與您連絡,清楚感受到你的熱情與支持,來日北上當面照訪再詳談。
祝快樂!

張日亮 敬上 2/19
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