「華人戴明學院」是戴明哲學的學習共同體 ,致力於淵博型智識系統的研究、推廣和運用。 The purpose of this blog is to advance the ideas and ideals of W. Edwards Deming.

1970年1月21日星期三

The Order of the Sacred Treasure (瑞宝章, Zuihōshō)



勲章の種類(瑞宝章)Orders of the Sacred Treasure

   瑞宝章は、明治21年に制定されました。
   勲章のデザインは、古代の宝であった宝鏡を中心に大小16個の連珠を配して、四条ないし八条の光線を付し、鈕(章と綬の間にあるもの)には桐の花葉を用いています。
  • ※  鈕……ちゅう

瑞宝大綬章・副章(右下)・略綬(左下)
Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure

画像:瑞宝大綬章・副章・略綬

瑞宝重光章・副章(右)・略綬(中)
The Order of the Sacred Treasure, Gold and Silver Star

画像:瑞宝重光章・副章・略綬

瑞宝中綬章・略綬(左)
The Order of the Sacred Treasure, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon

画像:瑞宝中綬章・略綬

瑞宝小綬章・略綬(左)
The Order of the Sacred Treasure, Gold Rays with Rosette

画像:瑞宝小綬章・略綬

瑞宝双光章・略綬(左)
The Order of the Sacred Treasure, Gold and Silver Rays

画像:瑞宝双光章・略綬

瑞宝単光章・略綬(左)
The Order of the Sacred Treasure, Silver Rays

画像:瑞宝単光章・略綬
この
The Order of the Sacred Treasure (瑞宝章 Zuihōshō?) is a Japanese Order, established on January 4, 1888 by Emperor Meiji of Japan. It is awarded in eight classes (from 8th to 1st, in ascending order of importance). It is generally awarded for long and/or meritorious service and considered to be the lowest of the Japanese orders of merit (hosho).
Originally a male-only decoration, the order has been made available to women since 1919; it is awarded for both civil and military merit, though of a lesser degree than that required for the conferment of the Order of the Rising Sun. Unlike its European counterparts, the order may be conferred posthumously.
The insignia of the order incorporates symbols for the three imperial treasures: the Yata Mirror, so sacred that not even the Emperor is allowed to look at it; the Yasakani Jewel, which is made of the finest jade; and the Emperor's personal Sword.
The badge for the second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth classes is a Maltese cross, in gilt (1st, 3rd and 4th classes), gilt and silver (5th class) and silver (6th class), with white enameled rays (representing the sword). The central disc is blue, bearing an eight-pointed silver star (representing the mirror), surrounded by a wreath with red-enameled dots (representing the jewel). The badge is suspended on a ribbon in light blue with a yellow stripe near the border, worn as a sash on the right shoulder by the 1st class, as a necklet by males of the 3rd class, on the left chest (the ribbon folded into a triangle) by the 4th to 6th classes (with a rosette for the 4th class). For females of the 3rd to 6th classes, the ribbon is a bow worn on the left shoulder (with a rosette for the 4th class).
The star for the first and second classes is similar to the badge as described above, but effectively with two sets of Maltese cross, one in gilt and one placed diagonally in silver. It is worn on the left chest by the 1st class, on the right chest (without any other insignia) by the 2nd class.
The badge of the seventh and eighth classes is an eight-pointed silver medal, partially gilded for the 7th class, with representations of just the mirror and the jewel. The badge is suspended on a ribbon, again in light blue with a yellow stripe near the border, worn by men on the left chest (the ribbon folded into a triangle). For women, the ribbon is a bow worn on the left shoulder.

Contents

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The order after the 2003 reform

In 2003 the lowest two classes of the Order were abolished. Moreover, the badges of the Order will from now on be suspended from three white-enamelled paulownia leaves (not chrysanthemum leaves as the Decoration Bureau page claims).

Selected recipients


1st class


The Order of the Sacred Treasure, First Class

2nd class


3rd class


Order of the Sacred Treasure, Third Class

4th class


5th class


6th class


7th class

Toraji Soma

8th class


Class unknown


Notes

  1. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  2. ^ King, Wayne and Warren Weaver Jr. "Briefing: Boorstin and the Emperor", New York Times, May 2, 1986.
  3. ^ "The Gateway's Oriental Treasure", Time, JUne 17, 1966.
  4. ^ L'Harmattan web site( in French)
  5. ^ Japan Society of London Archives: GB 2247 CORTAZZI, Grand cordon.
  6. ^ "No. 1", Time. March 14, 1932.
  7. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  8. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Grand cordon.
  9. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Grand cordon.
  10. ^ Krebs, Alvin. "Notes on People: Hester Honored", New York Times, January 15, 1981.
  11. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  12. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Grand Cordon.
  13. ^ Sony Corporation: Akio Morita bio
  14. ^ Honor conferred 1917 -- London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30363, page 11322, 30 October 1917. Retrieved on 2008-02-01.
  15. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Grand cordon.
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  18. ^ Beam, George. (2001). Quality Public Management, p. 252.
  19. ^ L'Harmattan web site( in French)
  20. ^ "American pioneer of quality control who wrote the definitive manual and helped create Japan's postwar economic miracle," The Times (London). March 6, 2008.
  21. ^ Bernard Leach archive: bio notes
  22. ^ Honor awarded 1960 -- L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  23. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  24. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  25. ^ L'Harmattan web site(in French), Order with gold and silver star
  26. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold and silver star
  27. ^ Honor awarded 1905 -- Adler, Cyrus (1921). Jacob Henry Schiff: A Biographical Sketch, p. 12.
  28. ^ Honor awarded 1971: Nihon no shashinka (日本の写真家) / Biographic Dictionary of Japanese Photography (Tokyo: Nichigai Associates, 2005; ISBN 4-8169-1948-1) p. 291 (despite the English-language alternative title, all in Japanese).
  29. ^ "VADM Eugene P. "Dennis" Wilkinson (retired)". U.S. Navy Submarine Force Museum. Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  30. ^ Canedy, Dana. "Douglas Greenwald, 83, Editor And Economist for McGraw-Hill", New York Times. January 18, 1997.
  31. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  32. ^ "Pax Britannica (3rd Class)", Time, May 16, 1932.
  33. ^ Honor awarded 1976 -- L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  34. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  35. ^ Honor awarded 1988 -- Brenson, Michael. "Isamu Noguchi, the Sculptor, Dies at 84", New York Times. December 31, 1988.
  36. ^ Duquesne/Wecht Institute of Forensic Science and Law -- bio
  37. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  38. ^ 武内博編著 『来日西洋人名辞典』 日外アソシエーツ 普及版 1995
  39. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  40. ^ Honor awarded 1942 -- Tsuji, Masanobu. (1997). Japan's Greatest Victory, Britain's Worst Defeat, p. 108.
  41. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French); Kirkup, James. "René Sieffert, Japanologist who translated the 'Ten Thousand Leaves' of the Man'yōshū" Independent (London). April 17, 2004.
  42. ^ NEC Corporation: "Tadahiro Sekimoto, Former Chairman of NEC, Passed Away on November 11, 2007," November 12, 2007.
  43. ^ (1922). Prominent People of the Maritime Provinces, p. 193.
  44. ^ Honor awarded 1983 -- Tutttle Publishing Internet home page
  45. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  46. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  47. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  48. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays and rosette
  49. ^ Consulate General of Japan in New York, Order with gold rays and rosette
  50. ^ Honor awarded 1982 -- Bird, David and Robert McG. Thomas Jr. "Notes on People: Japanese Writer for Times Decorated by Hirohito", New York Times, May 13, 1982.
  51. ^ Honor awarded 2000 -- Nishiyama bio, ITKF web, Order with gold rays and rosette.
  52. ^ L'Harmattan web site(in French), Order with gold rays and rosette
  53. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays and rosette
  54. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays and rosette
  55. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays and rosette
  56. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold and silver rays
  57. ^ Honor awarded 1973 -- Appelo, Tim. "University of the Future: The physical transformation into a premier independent university," Seattle University Magazine. Summer 2008; Kubota Gardens: short history.
  58. ^ F&R Fine Arts: Obata bio.
  59. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold and silver rays
  60. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold and silver rays
  61. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  62. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  63. ^ Gilpin, Kenneth. "Tristan E. Beplat, 85, Banker Who Aided Japan After War", New York Times. December 3, 1997.
  64. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Commander
  65. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  66. ^ Pace, Eric. "Faubion Bowers, 82, Defender Of Kabuki in Occupied Japan", New York Times. November 22, 1999.
  67. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  68. ^ Honor awarded in 1906 -- "Cruiser 'Livia' in Kobe to Greet Italians," Osaka Mainichi. July 28, 1922.
  69. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), First Latin American honored by Japanese government
  70. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  71. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  72. ^ Van Gelder, Laurence. "Footlights: Honor Bound", New York Times. November 4, 1998.
  73. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French) Order with sunburst
  74. ^ "Uncle Bob", Time, September 10, 1945.
  75. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays
  76. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Commander
  77. ^ Scott, Janny. "John W. Hall, Historian of Japan, Dies at 81", New York Times. October 27, 1997.
  78. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  79. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  80. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  81. ^ Brownlee, John. (1997). Japanese historians and the national myths, 1600-1945: the age of the gods and Emperor Jinmu, p. 96.
  82. ^ "Text of Treaty; Signed by the Emperor of Japan and Czar of Russia," New York Times. October 17, 1905.
  83. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  84. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays and cross; UNICEF: Goodwill Ambassador Kuroyanagi
  85. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Grand Cross
  86. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays
  87. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold ribbon
  88. ^ Strom, Stephanie. Nakamura Utaemon VI, 84, International Star of Kabuki", New York Times. April 4, 2001.
  89. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with ribbon and gold rays, presented in person by H. M. Emperor Akihito
  90. ^ "Lawrence Olson, 73, An Expert on Japan" New York Times. April 2, 1992.
  91. ^ Lavietes, Stuart. "Frank Okamura, Bonsai Expert, Is Dead at 94", New York Times. January 14, 2006.
  92. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  93. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  94. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Grand officer
  95. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Commander
  96. ^ Out of Japan - TIME
  97. ^ Honor awarded 1967 and 1990 -- "Sir Julian Ridsdale: Conservative MP for Harwich for almost 40 years who was also a notable expert on Japan and the Japanese way of life," Times (London). July 23, 2004.
  98. ^ "John Roderick; AP Correspondent Captured a Changing China", Associated Press, Washington Post (2008-03-13). Retrieved on 6 April 2008.
  99. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Grand Cross
  100. ^ Johnston, David Cay. "Carl S. Shoup, 97; Shaped Japan's Tax Code", New York Times. March 31, 2000.
  101. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  102. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  103. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  104. ^ L'Harmattan web site(in French), Order with gold rays
  105. ^ "Kenjiro Takayanagi, Electrical Engineer, 91", New York Times, July 25, 1990.
  106. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  107. ^ Morrison, Donald. "Japan's Master of Monsters", Time. December 13, 2007.
  108. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French)
  109. ^ L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays

References

  • Peterson, James W., Barry C. Weaver and Michael A. Quigley. (2001). Orders and Medals of Japan and Associated States. San Ramon, California: Orders and Medals Society of America. 10-ISBN 1-890-97409-9

External links


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